December 5, 1916
A telegram from Neu Strelitz, Germany, to Amsterdam, announces the death of the Dowager Grand Duchess Augusta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz reports the New York Times.
The late Dowager Grand Duchess was born a Princess of Great Britain and Ireland and Hanover. She was the last surviving grandchild of George III.
She was 94 years old, and the oldest Princess in Europe.
Princess Augusta was the second of three children of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, and his wife, Princess Augusta of Hesse Cassel. She was born at Hanover, where her father served as the Viceroy for his older brothers, George IV and William IV.
Augusta's younger sister, Mary Adelaide, married Duke Franz of Teck. Their only daughter, is Queen Mary, the wife of George V. The Queen consort had a very close relationship with her Aunt Augusta.
She was born at Schloss Monbrillant in Hannover on July 19, 1822. Her full names were Augusta Caroline Charlotte Elizabeth Mary Sophia Louise.
Augusta married her first cousin, Friedrich Wilhelm, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz on June 28, 1843 at Buckingham Palace. Her husband succeeded his father as Grand Duke on September 6, 1860.
The Grand Duchess had two sons, Friedrich Wilhelm, who died shortly after birth on January 13, 1845 and Adolphus Friedrich, who was born on July 22, 1848. He succeeded his father in 1904, and died on June 11, 1914, less than two weeks before the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Grand Duchess Augusta received a pension from the civil list until September 1914, when the annuity was suspended by the British government. She received $15,000 a year. The annual annuity was stopped because she lived in "an enemy's country", even though the arrangement was made in 1843 as a part of her marriage contract.
After her mother's death in 1889, Grand Duchess Augusta purchased a house in Buckingham Gate in London. She visited London each year until her age made it too difficult for her to travel abroad.
As the oldest living member of the British royal family, Augusta was an invaluable source of information on royal etiquette. The Duke of Norfolk relied on her knowledge of the coronations of King William IV and Queen Adelaide and Queen Victoria.
Augusta was only nine years old at the time of her Uncle William's Coronation, but she remembered many details including having kissed Queen Adelaide's hand. She was sixteen when she attended Victoria's coronation.