Saturday, February 20, 2021

August Philip Hawke Brooksbank

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 Earlier today Princess Eugenie and her husband, Jack Brooksbank announced the names of their son.  He has been named August Philip Hawke.

Eugenie, the younger daughter of the Duke of York and Sarah, Duchess of York, gave birth to her first child at the Portland Hospital on February 9.

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The names honor the baby's great-grandfather, Prince Philip, and two 5 five times grandparents:  Prince Albert (1819-1861), the consort of Queen Victoria, and the Reverend Edward Hawke Brooksbank (1789-1893).

Prince Albert was the younger son of Ernst I, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saafeld and Princess Luise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.  

His grandmother, Auguste, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saafeld, wrote in her diary on August 26: "a healthy little boy has been born.  I hurried here, and found mother and child as well as possible, and Ernest overjoyed."

Augusta, a Countess of Reuss-Ebersdorf by birth, may have been named for her great-grandfather, Georg August, Count of Schönberg-Fürstenau. Heinrich is the only name for male members of the Reuss princely family.

"Ernest wishes him to be given the old Saxon name of Albert." Augusta wrote in her diary.   His full name given at his baptism on August 29, 1819, was baptized Franz Albrecht August Carl Emmanuel. 

Albert's older brother, Duke Ernst II's names also included August: Ernst August Karl Johann Leopold Alexander Eduard. 

Ernst August, Elector of Hanover, father of George I

August is the German version of Augustus.  George I was the son of Ernst August, Elector of Hanover.   George's younger brother, Friedrich August, who died in 1691 in battle, was known in the family as Gutschen.

King George I's full name was George Augustus, although, in Hanover, where he was also the sovereign, he was styled as Georg II.   

George II's seventh child was named William Augustus.  William was created Duke of Cumberland and is best known for defeating the Jacobite rebellion at the Battle of Culloden (1746.)

Frederick, the Prince of Wales, eldest son of King George II, married Princess Auguste (Augusta) of Saxe-Gotha.   Their eldest child, Princess Augusta, married Carl, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.    She and her husband were the parents of seven children, including a daughter, Auguste, and a son, August.

Prince Frederick's second son was given the name Edward Augustus.  

The Prince of Wales died in 1751, leaving his young son, George as the heir to George II.   George III succeeded in 1760.  A year later he married Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.   Several of their fifteen children had the name Augustus or Augusta.   Their eldest son, the future George IV, was named George Augustus Frederick.   Augustus was also the middle names of their second and fourth sons, Frederick Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, and Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn.  The Duke of Kent was Queen Victoria's father.

George's eldest daughter was baptized Charlotte Augusta Matilda.   

Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent & Streatheard, father of Queen Victoria

George III's second daughter was named Augusta Sophia.

George looked back to his Hanover roots when he named his fifth son after his great-great-grandfather, Ernest Augustus, a double first name.

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, succeeded his brother William IV, as King of Hanover. His only child, King Georg V lost his kingdom after siding with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War.  Prussia's revenge was to annex Hanover into the Kingdom of Prussia.   Georg V died in 1878.  His only son and heir Prince Ernst August married Princess Thyra of Denmark.  Prince Ernst August chose to be styled as Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale.

Ernst August and Thyra were the parents of three sons and three daughters.  The youngest of the three sons was named Ernst August, who became heir after the premature deaths of his two older brothers.  

This Ernst August, who became the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, married Kaiser Wilhelm II's daughter, Victoria Luise. Their eldest son was named Ernst August, whose eldest legitimate son was named Ernst August as well.  This latter Prince Ernst August is separated from his second wife, Princess Caroline of Monaco.  He has two sons by his first wife, Chantal Hochuli. They named their elder son Ernst August,  continuing the tradition for four generations.  This tradition came to an end when the Hereditary Prince Ernst August and his wife, Ekaterina, named their first son, Welf August. 

George III's sixth son was Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex.  He married twice in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act.  His first wife was Lady Augusta Murray, daughter of the 4th Earl of Dunmore.  They had two children, Augusta and Augustus.

George IV and his wife, Princess Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (whose mother was George III's older sister, Princess Augusta) had one daughter,  Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales.

Several of George III's grandchildren, including the aforementioned Augusta and Augustus d'Este, had the name Augusta as a first or a middle name: George Augustus Frederick Fitzclarence, 1st Earl of Munster, Lady Augusta Gordon, Lord Augustus Fitzclarence,  Princess Charlotte Augusta Louisa of Clarence.

Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, the seventh son of King George III, married Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel.  They had three children.  Their second child and eldest daughter's first name was Augusta.  The British royal family are descendants of the third child and second daughter, Princess Mary Adelaide.

Mary Adelaide and her husband, Franz, Duke of Teck had four children. Their only daughter was named Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes and the youngest child Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George.  

The name Augusta was used only once by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.  Their third daughter was named Helena Augusta Victoria.  Princess Eugenie's middle names are Helena and Victoria. 

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Princess Eugenie has met  Hereditary Prince Ernst August of Hanover on several occasions.  She and her older sister, Princess Beatrice, represented the Queen at the 2013 reopening of Schloss Herrenhausen in Hanover.   Prince Ernst August and his wife, Ekaterina, were guests at Princess Eugenie's wedding Eugenie and Beatrice attended the wedding of Prince Christian of Hanover to Alessandra de Osma in March 2018. 

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Although August honors Prince Albert (as the 5x grandparent), it is a name that appears often in Eugenie's maternal line through Queen Victoria (the Hanovers) and Albert (through his paternal grandmother's family).

Thursday, February 18, 2021

The marriage of Princess Feodore

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February 18, 1828

Princess Feodora of Leiningen and Ernst, Prince of  Hohenlohe-Langenburg were married today at the residence of her mother, the Duchess of Kent, in the King's Palace at Kensington.  

A large crowd gathered outside the palace, "in expectation of beholding their beloved Sovereign," the Times's correspondent.

The Kensington Church bells "struck up a merry peal" shortly before the ceremony took place and "continued to ring at intervals during the afternoon and evening."

Members of the Royal Family began to arrive at the palace after 2 p.m. and were received in the Grand Hall by Sir John Conroy, the Duchess' Principal Equerry, and Private Secretary, who escorted them to the north vestibule.  Nearly every member of the royal family in England attended the wedding including the Duke and Duchess of Clarence, the Duke of Sussex, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, Princess Sophia, Princess Sophia Matilda, and Prince Leopold.  Princess Augusta, who is in Brighton, was unable to attend.

Shortly after 3 p.m, the royal family proceeded to the Grand Saloon adjoining the Vestibule where a temporary altar had been set up.   Dr. Kuper, the chaplain of the Royal German Chapel, united the young couple in marriage according to the rites of the Lutheran Church.

Princess Feodora's older brother, Carl, Prince of Leiningen also attended the wedding along with the Duchess of Kent's staff.

The bride and her "Royal sister the Princess Victoria," wore British-made dresses made from "Buckinghamshire thread lace."  Victoria and Princess Amelie of  Carolath-Beuthen were Feodora's bridesmaids.   Amelie, 5, is the daughter of Heinrich, Prince of  Carolath-Beuthen. The Prince is a first cousin to the Duchess of Clarence.  His mother, Princess Amalie, was the younger sister of Adelaide's father, Georg, the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.

The Duchess of Clarence and the Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg are also first cousins.  

Although it was initially reported that the King would give the bride away, it was his brother, the "florid fatherly Uncle William of Clarence," who took the bride's arm and 

The Duchess of Kent hosted a "splendid early dinner" in honor of the newlyweds.  The royal guests left for their respective residences at 6 p.m.

Princess Feodora, 20, and her 38-year-old husband, Prince Ernst left the King's Palace at 8 p.m, in a new carriage for Prince Leopold's home, Claremont, where they will spend their honeymoon.  

The King gave Feodora a "superb present in diamonds," and other members of the royal family also presented her with jewelry. 

The new Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg has been living in England with her mother and younger half-sister for the past nine years.  She and her brother, Carl, are the Duchess of Kent's children from her first marriage to the late Prince of Leiningen.   In  1818,  the former Princess Victoire of Saxe-Coburg and Saafeld, a sister of Prince Leopold, widower of the late Princess Charlotte, married the Duke of Kent.   

The Duke, the fourth son of the late King George III, died in January 1820 eight months after the birth of his daughter, Princess Alexandrina Victoria.

Four days before the wedding, the Duchess gave a "grand assembly at her residence to a "numerous assemblage of relatives and friends. The celebration began at nine p.m.  The palace's Great Hall was "brilliantly illuminated."   The band of the 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards was stationed "in the orange shrubbery, surrounded by a variety of other trees, plants, and flowers."

The band played different pieces of music throughout the evening and struck up God Save the King for the arrival of each member of the Royal Family.  The Duke and Duchess of Clarence, Princess Sophia, Prince Leopold, Princess Sophia Matilda,  the Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Prince and Princess Lieven, Prince and Princess Esterhazy, Prince and Princess Polignac, Foreign Ambassadors, the Lord Chancellor, members of the Cabinet, the Speaker of the House, the Bishop of London as well as members of the peerage, including eleven Dukes.

Princess Feodora's eight-year-old half-sister, Princess Alexandrina Victoria, was too young to attend the ball.

A new QVD Welcome to the world, Jerrine Lee


Congratulations to Saygan Habsburg Libtow and her husband Mike Libtow on the birth of their daughter Jerrine Lee Libtow.  Jerrine was born earlier today at her parents' home in Webberville, Michigan. 

all three photos: @Saygan Habsburg Libtow

New mom and Jeri are doing well.  Big brother Wulferic,9,  slept through the birth.   As you can see from the photo, Wulf already adores his baby sister.  

Mom was in labor for less than three hours.  

Jerrine weighed 9 lbs 10ozs and is 22.5 inches long.  Her first name honors her late grandmother, Jerrine Habsburg, the wife of Archduke Stefan of Austria, who was better known as Stefan Habsburg, who worked for General Motors for many years and was a naturalized American citizen.

These photos cannot be reproduced elsewhere without the permission of the copyright holder

Saygan's two dogs, Remy, a coonhound, and Mabel, a pit bull mix, are also happy to have a new little sister.  According to the new mom, Remy won't leave Jerrine's side.

Victoria - Alfred - Marie - Ileana -Stefan - Christopher - Saygan - Jerrine

Birthdays of the Royal Family (1835)

I found this article in the Sunday Times (October 4, 1835) while researching the Duchess of Cumberland for an upcoming blog post (or rather several posts).  This list features the birthdays of all but one member of the Royal Family alive in 1835.

The order of names is a mixture of precedence and birthdates. 

King William IV and Queen Adelaide followed by the other surviving children of the late King George III:   Augusta Sophia (1868-1840),  Elizabeth (1770-1840, the widow of Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, the Duke of Cumberland (1771-1851), the Duke of Sussex (1773-1843), Duke of Cambridge (1774-1850), Princess Mary, the widowed Duchess of Gloucester (1776-1857), Princess Sophia (1777-1848), Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester (1773-1844), the Duchess of Cumberland (1778-1843), the Duchess of Kent (1786-1861), the Duchess of Cambridge (1797-1851), Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent (1819-1901), Prince George Frederick of Cumberland (1819-1878), Prince George William of Cambridge (1819-1904) and Princess Augusta Caroline of Cambridge (1822-1916).

The youngest of the three Cambridge children, Princess Mary Adelaide, is not included, on this list even though she was born on November 27, 1833.  She died in 1897.

Princess Mary married her first cousin, Prince William, Duke of Gloucester & Edinburgh (1776-1834) in 1816.  He was the son of Prince William, Duke of Gloucester & Edinburgh, younger brother of George III, who in 1766 married Maria Walpole, the illegitimate daughter of Sir Edward Walpole and Dorothy Clement.  Her grandfather was Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford.  Walpole is considered the first British Prime Minister.  The Duke and Maria Walpole, the widow of the 2nd Earl of Waldegrave married in secret.  King George III did not find out about his brother's marriage until September 1772, five months after Parliament passed the Royal Marriages Act, which required the Sovereign's permission to marry.  

The Gloucester marriage was considered valid as it took place before the Act was promulgated.   Maria, who spent her childhood at Frogmore House, was never received at her brother-in-law's court.    

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Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester was considered a candidate for the future William IV, but she had no interest in her first cousin.  

Three of the four young people on the list celebrated their 16th birthdays in 1835, two years away from reaching their majority.  Princess Augusta was was 13 years old.  

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 What became of the four first cousins?  In 1843, Augusta married her first maternal first cousin, Friedrich Wilhelm, the future Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.  Fritz was also Prince George of Cumberland's first cousin, as his father and the Duchess of Cumberland were siblings.

In 1835, Prince George of Cumberland was third in line to the British throne behind his first cousin, Alexandrina Victoria, and his father, Prince Ernst August, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale.

Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent was heiress presumptive to the British throne.  William IV was also King of Hanover.  When he died in June 1837, one month after Victoria reached her majority,  she succeeded to the British throne.  Uncle Cumberland won the second prize, the throne of Hanover as women could not inherit that kingdom.  Her first cousin,  Prince George of Cumberland, got a new title: Crown Prince of Hanover, as heir apparent to his father, King Ernst August.  

In 1851, Georg succeeded his father as King Georg V of Hanover.  After siding with Austria in the Austro-Prussian war in 1866,  Georg and his family were forced into exile as Prussia annexed the former kingdom of Hanover.  The family remained members of the British royal family.   Georg's only son, Ernst August, Duke of Cumberland, married Princess Thyra of Denmark, whose older sisters, Alexandra and Dagmar married Edward VII and Alexander III, respectively.

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 Prince George William succeeded his father as the Duke of Cambridge.  He married an actress, Sarah Fairbrother in 1847.  This marriage was in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act, which meant that the marriage was not valid in England.  The couple had three sons, two of who were born before the wedding.  

Sarah was never entitled to be styled as HRH The Duchess of Cambridge and their three sons had the surname FitzGeorge and no succession rights to the throne or the Cambridge dukedom.   The Duke was the second member of the Royal Marriage to not seek permission to wed.  His uncle, Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex, married twice in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act

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Augusta's little sister, Mary Adelaide, who was not included on this birthday list, grew up to be the chunkey monkey of British princesses.  It was not easy to find a husband for Mary Adelaide. She was 32 when in 1866, she married  Prince Franz, Duke of Teck, a morganatic scion of the royal house of Württemberg.   A year later, on May 26, 1867, she gave birth to her first of four children and only daughter, Princess Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes of Teck.  This princess was known as May.  Queen Victoria encourage marriage between her grandson, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (1864-1892), the eldest son of the Prince of Wales, eldest son of Queen Victoria.

Eddy proposed to May on December 3, 1891.  She said yes, of course.  The wedding was scheduled to take place on February 27, 1892.  

Along with other members of the Royal Family, the Duke of Clarence attended the funeral of Prince Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, the son of Queen Victoria's older sister Feodora, where he caught a chill that quickly turned to pneumonia.  The Duke of Clarence and Avondale died at Sandringham House on January 14, 1892.   May was at her fiance's bedside when he died.  In July 1893, she married Eddy's younger brother, Prince George, Duke of York (1865-1936).  

In 1835,  William IV was on the throne for 5 years.  In 1910, Prince George, Duke of York (styled as the Prince of Wales since November 1901) succeeded his father, Edward VII, and was known as King George V.   

George V was the grandson of Queen Victoria, the niece of William IV.  He married Princess May of Teck, whose mother, Princess Mary Adelaide, was also a niece of William IV.  

The present head of the House of Hanover,  Prince Ernst August (1954) is a great-great-grandson, of King Georg V of Hanover (George of Cumberland), another nephew of William IV.


Wednesday, February 17, 2021

Delphine joins other Belgium royals at memorial mass

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 Princess Delphine and her husband, James O'Hara joined other members of the Belgian royal family today at the annual memorial service for deceased members of the royal family.   All of Belgium's late sovereigns and their wives are buried in the Royal Crypt at the Church of Notre Dame at Laeken.  Delphine, the daughter of King Albert II, joined King Philippe and Queen Mathilde, Princess Astrid, and her daughter, Princess Laetitia-Maria, and King Albert II and Queen Paola for the service.

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Death of a QVD : Mechtilde Bauscher


HSH Princess Mechtilde Alexandra of Leiningen was the 5th child of HIH Grand Duchess Maria Kirillovna of Russia (1907-1951) and HSH Friedrich Karl Eduard Erwin, 6th Prince of Leiningen (1898-1946).  She married November 24 (civil) and November 25, 1961, at Amorbach to Karl-Anton Bauscher (1931).  

Marlene Eilers Koenig Collection

Princess Mechtilde was a lovely woman, kind, and always helping when answering my questions for my books on Queen Victoria's Descendants.  She was also a descendant of Emperor Alexander II of Russia

Victoria - Alfred - Victoria Melita - Maria Kirillovna - Mechtilde

Alexander II - Maria Alexandrovna - Victoria Melita - Maria Kirillovna -Mechtilde

Alexander II  - Wladimir - Kirill - Maria Kirillovna - Mechtilde 

Tuesday, February 16, 2021

New to my collection


Just added these four postcards to my collection.  The card of Friederike and her parents is part of a series.  Another one of the series appears in this post

Mail Call


This is the wedding of Kinga Edle von Poschinger and Antonius von Schierstädt.

I wrote about their wedding last fall.

Sunday, February 14, 2021

a new QVD in a few months



TRH The Duke and Duchess of Sussex announced earlier today that the Duchess is expecting a second child. 

"We can confirm that Archie is going to be a big brother. The Duke and Duchess of Sussex are overjoyed to be expecting their second child," stated their spokesman.

The due date was not included in the announcement.

This will be the second child for the Duke and Duchess.  Their first child, Archie Harrison, was born on May 6, 2019, at the Portland Hospital in London.  Last July, the Duchess suffered a miscarriage, which she wrote about for the New York Times in November.

The new baby will be 8th in line to the British throne. 

Several news outlets have been reporting that the late Diana, Princess of Wales' second pregnancy (Harry) was announced on February 14, 1984.  This is incorrect. 

Buckingham Palace announced on February 13, 1984, that the Princess of Wales was expecting a second child.  The BBC broadcast the news at noon.  British newspapers put the pregnancy on their front page on February 14.  The Associated Press' wire story would have followed the BBC's announcement within a few minutes. (I was a news librarian with the AP in 1984).   A noon announcement in the United Kingdom meant that Americans living on the East Coast would have heard the news soon after 8 a.m., if they were watching one of network morning news programs or CNN, which began broadcasting in June 1980.

Notice the February 13th dateline for the New York Times and the Washington Post.

People Magazine (February 27, 1984) refers to the "Valentine's eve announcement."   I also have the Daily Telegraph's article (February 14, 1984) titled "September Baby for Princess."   The lead paragraph states: "After months of speculation, the Prince and Princess of Wales announced YESTERDAY that they are expecting their second child late in September."

This will be the second of three births in the royal family this year.   Princess Eugenie, who is married to Jack Brooksbank, gave birth to a son on February 9.   Zara Tindall, the daughter of Princess Anne, is due to give birth to her third child within the next few months.

Eugenie, Harry, and Zara are first cousins, which makes their children second cousins.   Baby Sussex will be Queen Elizabeth II's tenth great-grandchild unless Baby Tindall arrives first.

Friday, February 12, 2021

Mail Call


More cards are trickling in.  The card from the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall was posted on January 29.

Tuesday, February 9, 2021

Looking back at Christmas

 Thanks to the Pandemic and problems with the USPS (no fault of its own), Christmas mail has been arriving in spurts.  The card from Monaco arrived yesterday.  

This is a selection of the cards I have received so far.  I anticipate (never expect) more cards to arrive this month.

This was a thank you card from Vera Arrivabene & her fiance, Briano dei Conti Martinoni Caleppio