Saturday, April 25, 2009

The 1901/1910 Civil Lists

It is interesting to note who received Civil List allocations in 1901 and 1910, following the deaths of Victoria and Edward VII, respectively.

The 1901 list included separate appanages for the Prince and Princess of Wales, as well as the Empress Friedrich (who died in August 1901), Princess Christian, Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, the Duke of Connaught, the Duchess of Edinburgh, the Duchess of Albany, Princess Henry of Battenberg, the Duke of Cambridge, the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the daughters of Edward VII. These appanages were not a part of the actual Civil List, but were separate provisions.

Queen Mary and Grand Duchess Augusta maintained a correspondence up until Augusta's death in December 1916. Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden was the intermediary for the two women.

The 1910 list showed only a few changes. The Prince and Princess of Wales were now King George V and Queen Mary. Empress Friedrich and the Duke of Cambridge were no longer alive. Queen Alexandra was added to the 1910 list, as the widow of King Edward VII.
The Duchesses of Edinburgh and Albany were widows of sons of Queen Victoria.
The Duchess of Albany received £6000 a year until her death. However, the Duchess of Edinburgh and the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Princess Augusta of Cambridge) stopped receiving their annual payments after 1914 due to living in Germany. The Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz never forgot that she was a British princess by birth, and she remained close to her British relatives, including her niece, Queen Mary. The Duchess of Edinburgh, who was also the Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, had no real ties to Britain.
Neither woman was officially removed as a member of the British royal family, despite the loss of their appanages.

4 comments:

Taren said...

Marlene, are there any biographies (in English) of Crown Princess Margaret that you would recommend? I find her life so interesting. Did she ever receive any backlash for passing messages between family members?

Michelle said...

wow. what's interesting to me is that hardly any of those titles are still used by the mainstream royal family - we know them by other titles, with the exception of the prince of wales, which really won't ever change unless someone decides to really mess with tradition.

can you do a post about the whole camilla mess? some people say she'll be queen no matter what they say, others say she won't, and although i know more than the average person (i'm 22 years old & recovering from brain surgery & dying, i have LOTS of time to be on my laptop in bed), you know more than me & i'm just interested to hear your take on it.

- michelle

Marlene Eilers Koenig said...

Margaret was used by numerous family members as a conduit for correspondence. Crown Princess Louise did the same thing during the second world war. No biography in English on Margaret but John von der Kite's book on the Scandinavian royals includes information on Margaret.

Marlene Eilers Koenig said...

Michelle,

There is no mess regarding Charles and Camilla. At the time of the marriage, it was announced that Camilla will be styled as Princess Consort when Charles becomes king. But ... it is tradition in Britain for the wife of the king to be styled as Queen, and it will take an Act of Parliament to change Camilla's status.