In 1901, King Edward VII's Civil list was set at £470,000. This amount covered "Their Majesties' Privy Purse," staff salaries, expenses for the King's household, Works, Royal Bounty Alms and Special Services, and the final category "Unappropriated." £8000 fell into the final category.
In 1901, the Prince of Wales receive £20,000 per year. The Princess of Wales received £10,000. The other members of the royal family who received a Civil List appanage (for their expenses) were the Duke of Connaught (£25,000), Empress Friedrich (£8,000), Princess Christian (Princess Helena) of Schleswig-Holstein (£6,000), Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll (£6,000), Princess Henry of Battenberg (£6,000), Duchess of Edinburgh (£6000), the Duchess of Albany ($6000), the Duke of Cambridge (£12,000), the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (£3000), and Edward's daughters shared £18,000.
There were few changes to the 1910 Civil List The new King received the same amount as his father. Queen Alexandra was added to the 1910 Civil List. She received £70,000 a year. No appropriations were made for King George V's young children.
With the exception of the Empress Friedrich and the Duke of Cambridge, as both died during the reign of Edward VII, there were no other changes to the amount of money provided to members of the Royal Family, including the widows of Queen Victoria's younger sons and the Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the former Princess Augusta of Cambridge, a granddaughter of George III. She received £3000 per year, which had been approved by Parliament in 1843 and included in her marriage treaty.
The Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Stretliz's annuity was suspended by the British Government in September 1914. The matter was debated in Parliament as the "payment arose out of a contract made before the war began," according to a New York Times report. The British government proposed that the payments be stopped because the Grand Duchess had become a German subject by marriage.
Chancellor of the Exchequer Lloyd George confirmed that the payments to Princess Augusta, had been "suspended." The final payment was made on July 6, 1914. The Dowager Grand Duchess, Queen Mary's maternal aunt, died in 1916.
Sir John Jardine, in a parliamentary debate in November 18, 1914, asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if whether any "grand dukes, dukes, or other sovereign princes of the German Empire, or any of their relations, being subjects of the German Emperor, are in receipt of pensions, allowances, or other money payments out of the public funds of the United Kingdom?
Lloyd George responded that the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz's pension had already been suspended, but the annuities to Princess Christian and Princess Henry of Battenberg were being paid, these princesses being British subjects resident in the United Kingdom. In the case of the Duchess of Edinburgh, it was held, as stated in 1893 by the then Solicitor-General in the House of Commons, that the late duke did not lose his British nationality by taking the Oath of Allegiance as Duke of Saxe-Coburg, and the payment of the annuity to the duchess is being continued in view of this fact and of the terms of the Treaty between Great Britain and Russia of 22nd January, 1874.
The Duchess of Edinburgh's pension was brought up again in a debate on June 5, 1917, when Arthur Lynch, MP, asked Stanley Baldwin, then Financial Secretary of the Treasury, if the Duchess' annual annuity of £6000 was being paid during the war. He referred to the duchess as the Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Mr. Baldwin responded "An annuity of £6,000 has been paid during the war to the Duchess of Edinburgh under license, and the payment is being continued in consequence of the terms of the Treaty of 22nd January, 1874, between Great Britain and Russia."
The Duchess of Edinburgh received her annuity until her death in 1920.